In recent years the issue of intelligence types has resonated a lot, precisely because this is one of the most precious attributes in modern society since it allows human beings to be better prepared to face their challenges successfully.
This theme has sparked a great debate for decades, especially because there have been many contrasts and theories about man’s ability to develop not only one but multiple intelligences throughout his life.
Renowned psychologists such as Daniel Goleman or Raymond Cattell have challenged the paradigms of unique intelligence, and have exposed that men are capable of developing them together or together, depending mostly on the cultural context in which they operate.
What is known about multiple intelligences?
In this article, we will explain what are the different types of intelligence that man can develop or exploit from an early age, which will help you understand many aspects of your personality.
Also, you will know some of the intelligence theories that have given much to talk about since the last century and that in one way or another have changed the psychological perspective around intelligence.
Each of them will allow you to understand how to be smarter and will help you identify features that you should correct or improve if you want to live a full, satisfying and happy life.
Know the main types of intelligence:
Next, we will explain in detail the main types of intelligence that you can develop and enhance throughout your life, and even, we will help you identify those that you already have very easily.
1. Emotional intelligence:
Daniel Goleman is a renowned American journalist, writer, and psychologist, known worldwide for having coined the term “Emotional Intelligence” in 1995, after publishing his book Emotional Intelligence, which became one of the best-selling New York Times.
According to this acclaimed American author, emotional intelligence is nothing more than your ability to recognize, understand and manage your own emotions wisely.
Additionally, he exposes in his work that emotionally intelligent people also have the potential to influence the emotions of others diligently.
Boost your emotional intelligence:
Today, the development of these types of intelligence plays a vital role on a personal, professional, and above all, social level, since the more intelligent you are in managing your emotions, thoughts, and feelings, the greater your ability to maintain harmonious relationships with the individuals in your environment.
Some important research such as that published in the Interuniversity Journal of Teacher Training, attached to the Faculty of Psychology of the University of Malaga, infer that the development of emotional skills from an early age is related to the scope of “happiness or the good social functioning ”.
Currently, many courses of emotional intelligence could help you be a good leader, or improve your social skills in broad strokes, and therefore, you should take advantage of them as soon as possible if you want to give a positive turn to your life in the short term.
2. Linguistic intelligence:
Did you know that writers and poets have a high degree of linguistic intelligence? That’s right, but even if this is not the primary profession you can also develop it efficiently with a lot of practice, research, and effort.
Linguistic intelligence consists of mastering the language perfectly: oral, written and nonverbal ( body language ). Believe it or not, nonverbal communication denotes many aspects of your personality, and therefore, it is very relevant today.
Experts say that people who are very intelligent at the linguistic level are characterized by being very sensitive to words, sounds, metrics, or rhythms. That is, they feel a lot of interest in communicating properly and in dazzling with their communicative processes.
Writing essays, devoting a few hours a day to reading, interested in poetry and music, keeping a personal diary, and even earning money writing, are just some of the actions you can take to boost your linguistic intelligence.
As a result, you will be increasingly able to express yourself clearly, and ultimately, this will greatly improve your self-esteem and your interpersonal relationships.
3. Spatial intelligence:
This is one of the most complex types of intelligence you can imagine because it involves observing the world, or objects, from different perspectives. Also, it has to do with your ability to create mental images that help you solve problems successfully.
For this, you need to know and master elements of the so-called dynamic imagination, as well as having important and advanced graphic, artistic and spatial reasoning skills.
Those who have a high level of spatial intelligence are good with puzzles or drawing, and this is the case of architects, engineers, painters or sculptors.
4. Musical intelligence:
Some people say that life without music would lack charm, and those who possess musical intelligence agree with this 100%.
These people have a great capacity to compose musical pieces, as well as to compose very talented tones and rhythms.
Without a doubt, those who have developed this kind of intelligence to the fullest have many skills to play multiple musical instruments.
5. Body intelligence:
The ability to move the body in tune, or rather, to coordinate body movements with majesty, is known as bodily or kinesthetic intelligence.
Dancers, choreographers, acrobats, and even athletes have a marked body intelligence, which indicates that they know how to establish connections between their mind and their body, or between what they think or feels and their movements.
6. Existential intelligence:
This is one of the most complex types of intelligence you can imagine because it is intrinsically related to meditation on existence.
This means that those who have existential intelligence often think of life and death, and what this means on a human level.
According to Howard Gardner, the famous psychologist at Harvard University who formulated the theory of multiple intelligences, existential intelligence forces man to position himself concerning the cosmos and features of the human condition.
It is known that those who are intelligent on an existential scale are concerned with aspects such as self-knowledge, moral values, philosophy, and dialogue.
7. Creative intelligence:
All human beings are potentially creative, that is, they can create unlimitedly if they are dedicated to strengthening this quality with dedication and effort.
However, not everyone has the same skills to generate ideas fluently or to solve problems successfully.
In general, creative people do not feel comfortable doing monotonous or repetitive activities, nor do they adapt to a routine easily since they are constantly active at a creative and productive level.
This is usually a type of intelligence developed by successful entrepreneurs who have changed the course of humanity.
8. Naturalist intelligence:
If you are passionate about nature, plants, animals or the environment, you likely have this type of highly developed naturalistic intelligence.
For example, it is well known that botanists, hunters, and biologists enjoy naturalistic intelligence.
9. Interpersonal intelligence:
Not all people find it easy to relate or socialize with others, but those who feel comfortable or comfortable with this logically have a strong interpersonal intelligence.
They are usually empathetic, chatty and good speakers, so they can express themselves and relate to other beings in their surroundings without problems.
Additionally, they know how to identify and manage their emotions, while interpreting words and gestures fluently.
Consequently, teachers, politicians, and actors enjoy a high level of interpersonal intelligence, just as they know how to communicate assertively.
10. Intrapersonal intelligence:
It consists of being able to understand oneself or to understand thoughts and emotions diligently.
But it also involves the ability to regulate behavior, manage emotions and feelings, and even be able to reflect on them to move in the right direction.
Philosophers, psychologists, and writers are intelligent on an intrapersonal scale, and therefore, they feel sensitivity for self-appreciation and self-knowledge. In general, they are more stable beings psychologically and emotionally.
11. Financial intelligence:
The financial intelligence is very complex, but everyone should strive for developing it if you want your finances to play in your favor and not against it.
In essence, talking about financial intelligence is synonymous with talking about one of the most important types of intelligence in the world, since it refers to the ability to obtain new sources of income that foster economic growth.
When you manage to develop it you can generate more income than expenses, make your capital profitable, make good investments, start profitable businesses, and plan your financial future successfully.
You simply take control of your finances, avoid indebtedness, protect your assets and maintain a healthy relationship with your money.
12. Collaborative intelligence:
Have you ever heard about the importance of teamwork? Probably yes, especially if you work in a work environment that requires everyone’s collaboration to achieve certain business goals.
This is what these types of intelligence are about: encouraging collaborative work so that workers are increasingly able to choose the best options to benefit their departments and companies.
13. Logical-mathematical intelligence:
It is the ease of identifying and understanding abstract models, performing numerical calculations and of completing logical reasoning with great skill.
Similarly, people who have this intelligence can quickly distinguish patterns, or establish very effective analogies to explain processes or procedures more diligently.
That is why it is not surprising that scientists, engineers, designers, or architects are very intelligent at the logical-mathematical level.
Popular theories about intelligence types:
Talking about theories related to intelligence types is synonymous with talking about leading figures in the area, such as Daniel Goleman, Howard Gardner or Raymond Cattel.
In the next segments, we will address some of the most influential, such as the theory of multiple intelligences, the theory of intelligence, or the theory of emotional intelligence.
Gardner’s multiple intelligences theory:
Howard Gardner is recognized worldwide as the creator of this interesting theory about multiple intelligences.
According to his research, the human being does not have a single type of intelligence but requires many bits of intelligence to have personal development.
Also, Gardner does not approve of the fact that there are more intelligent people than others and proposes that what happens is that not all individuals develop the same types of intelligence.
For example, it may be easier for you to compose musical pieces than to express yourself verbally with lightness, and this only shows that your musical intelligence prevails over your kinesthetic intelligence.
In summary, this theory proposes that man possesses linguistic, logical-mathematical, spatial, musical, bodily, naturalistic, interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligence.
Their propositions reveal that these types of intelligence can manifest together or separately, depending on the cultural and social frameworks of each individual.
Cattell Intelligence Theory:
The British psychologist Raymond Cattell, one of the most famous of the twentieth century, said that human intelligence is bifactorial, that is, that his intellectual capacity is shaped by two great types of intelligence: fluid and crystallized.
The first has to do with reasoning and the ability to adapt to new situations, while the second has to do with man’s ability to put into practice what he has learned throughout his life.
According to Cattell, fluid intelligence does not evolve since it remains fixed after the adolescent brain maturation process, but in the case of crystallized intelligence, it varies over time as people accumulate experiences uninterruptedly.
Goleman’s emotional intelligence theory:
As we mentioned earlier this term was coined by the renowned American psychologist, Daniel Goleman, and his theory says that you not only need your intellect to be able to succeed in life.
According to their appreciation, Emotional Intelligence is key to achieving your success since it implies that you have self-awareness and emotional self-regulation, motivation, empathy, and important social skills.
As a result, you can intelligently manage your emotions, sensations, and thoughts, and therefore, you can establish harmonious relationships with others, which brings you happiness, security, and well-being.
This consists of 68 questions and can be asked both adults and children without any obstacles.
Power your intellect to the fullest:
Now that you know that there are several types of intelligence and that you can take care of developing them throughout your life, you must acquire the necessary tools to enhance your intellect.
Taking coaching courses, or reading leadership books, are just some of the actions you can take to improve your skills significantly and thus lead to a full life.